Password Protect Files

How to Password Protect Files and Folders in Windows 11

Do you have important documents or photos stored on your Windows 11 PC that you want to keep protected? Adding password protection is an easy way to safely lock your important files and folders away.

In this guide, we’ll show you how to password-protect your data using Windows 11’s built-in encryption feature. With these instructions, You can restrict access to your confidential information in just minutes.

Advantages of Password Protecting Your Files

Password-protecting your files allows you to secure sensitive materials and ensure privacy safely. Some key advantages include:

1. Prevent unauthorized access:  Only users with a password can open protected files.
2. Enable remote sharing: You can securely share encrypted files and share the password.
3. Meet compliance rules: Adding a password helps satisfy data compliance needs.

While password-protecting your files offers several benefits, employing strong passwords for enhanced security is crucial. When creating passwords, avoiding common pitfalls like reusing passwords across multiple accounts and using easily guessable passwords is crucial. Just recently, ExpressVPN ran a survey on passwords and highlighted these mistakes. For example, the research revealed that only 20% of respondents try to create “really complicated” passwords.

2 Ways to Password Protect a File or Folder in Windows 11

Method 1: Using built-in encryption feature

With just this quick and easy process, you can securely password-protect documents, photos, financial records, or any other sensitive Windows 11 files. Turn on built-in Windows encryption to protect your confidential data from prying eyes. Follow these instructions:

1. Locate the file/folder and right-click on it. Select the “Properties” option in the pop-up menu to open the properties window.

2. In the properties window, click on the “Advanced” button to access additional options.

3. Check the box next to the option reading “Encrypt contents to secure data.” This will encrypt the contents to prevent unauthorized access.

4. Finally, click “OK” and then hit the “Apply” button to activate the encryption and password protection on your chosen file or folder.

encryption feature

The file/folder icon will now indicate it is password protected.

Note: This encryption method uses your Windows user account. When you log in, Windows automatically decrypts your files, allowing you to access them. Do not worry if someone else logs in with a different user account; they cannot decrypt and thus access your encrypted files.

Method 2: Using 7-Zip

When archiving, you can use 7-Zip’s encryption feature to password-protect your sensitive files and folders. Just be sure not to lose the password, or you won’t be able to access the content. Follow these instructions:

1. Download and install 7-Zip if you don’t already have it.

2. Locate the file or folder you want to password-protect. Right-click on it and select “7-Zip” then “Add to archive…”

use 7-Zip
3. Check the “Encrypt filenames” box and enter a secure password in the “Enter password” field. Now, Confirm the password in the “Re-enter password” field.

Encrypt filenames

4. Whenever you need to access the protected files, you need to double-click the archive file, enter the password when prompted, and extract the decrypted content.


1. What types of files can I password-protect?

You can password-protect all common file types, including documents, spreadsheets, images, video files, etc. This encryption works on any file or folder on your Windows 11 PC.

2. Can I remove the password protection later on?

Yes, you can reverse the encryption process at any time. Right-click, go to properties > advanced and uncheck the encrypted contents box. Then confirm to remove protection.

3. What happens if I forget my password?

Unfortunately, if you forget a protected file or folder password, you cannot recover it. This underscores the importance of choosing a strong but memorable password that you won’t forget.


Password-protecting important files and folders is a simple way to add an extra layer of security to your Windows 11 PC. Use the built-in encryption tool or any trusted third-party software like 7-Zip to safely lock down your important data with just a few clicks. Setting a strong password ensures that only you can access the important content within password-protected archives.

About Binay Konwar

He is the Co-Founder & Editor-in-Chief of DealNTech. He loves technology and oversees the whole website. He follows the latest trends and is highly passionate about mobile and PC technology. Email: [email protected]. Follow him on X(Twitter)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *